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Filene Center II - Wolf Trap Farm Park for the Performing Arts
Vienna, Virginia

Photo of performance at Filene Center II - Wolf Trap Farm  
Park for the Performing Arts Photo of Filene Center II - Wolf Trap Farm Park for the  
Performing Arts Photo of audience at Filene Center II - Wolf Trap Farm Park  
for the Performing Arts Photo of audience on lawn at Filene Center II - Wolf Trap  
Farm Park for the Performing Arts

Summary of Physical Facilities

The Wolf Trap Farm Park for the Performing Arts - the only national park devoted to the performing arts - consists of 117 acres of wooded rolling countryside just outside Washington, DC in Vienna, Virginia.

The original Filene Center opened in 1971 and burned to the ground in 1982.
Filene Center II opened July 30, 1984.

The theater was a gift to the U.S. government from the Wolf Trap Foundation. The facilities are managed by the U.S. Department of the Interior National Parks Service. Programming is managed by the Wolf Trap Foundation.

Project Scope
Facilities include the 6700 seat auditorium with 2600 covered orchestra seats, 1100 covered balcony seats, and 3000 lawn seats, the stage and backstage facilities, large rehearsal room, administrative offices, dressing rooms, canteen, and miscellaneous support spaces.

Presentation Program
The house is a "road house", presenting opera, dance, symphony music, Broadway tours, popular music, and film. The Wolf Trap Foundation manages an opera company, other performing companies, and educational activities. These activities use the adjacent performing barns and occasionally perform in the Filene Center.

Rebuilding after the fire cost $20 million. The new facility is four times larger backstage than the original building. Some items such as foundations, site work and utilities were salvaged and their reuse lowered rebuilding costs slightly compared to what a new facility would cost.

Statistics (Stagehouse)
Proscenium opening: 70' wide by 35' feet high (45' for orchestra shell).
Stage dimensions: Stage edge to house curtain 6', house curtain to back wall 59', total depth 65'.
Center line to the stage left wall 50', center line to the stage right locking rail 68', total width of stage house 118'.
Maximum batten trim: 95'.

Galleries: 1 fly gallery each stage left and right connected by crossover gallery, two loading galleries stage right.
All galleries and grid are connected by an upstage right stair tower and an upstage left personnel elevator.
The stage manager's position is downstage right.

Statistics (House)
Total capacity is 6700. 2600 covered orchestra seats, 1100 covered balcony seats, and capacity for 3000 patrons uncovered on the lawn.

Orchestra pit elevator 10'X60' tapers from 38' to 60'. Pit extends under stage apron 13'X68'. The pit mechanism is jackscrews with the ability to stop and hold at any elevation between orchestra pit and stage.

Two enclosed, air conditioned control booths are provided in the orchestra seating area. The house left booth is for lighting and the house right booth is a spare. The house sound mix location is in the orchestra seating area house right. The sound mix location for lawn patrons is located at the center rear of the lawn area and is a complete independent mixing location.

The first two catwalks over the apron provide access to forestage loft block beams intended for attachment of temporary lighting and sound equipment such as television lighting battens, rock group lighting trusses, and speaker clusters.

Statistics (Backstage at stage level)
Side stage Stage Left 48'X48'.
Upstage scenery storage 46'X168'.
Crossover is through the upstage scenery storage room.
Rehearsal room behind upstage scenery storage room is 56'X95' with 30' clear height, skylights, and is acoustically isolated from stage.

Statistics (Backstage below stage level)
Green room 32'X18', musicians lounge 30'X58' with direct access to pit, 2 additional performers lounges, and a large, efficient canteen.

Dressing rooms
Each with toilets, showers, and lavatories.

# Capacity Size
2 1 7'X8'
9 1 or 2 9'X10'
3 Chorus 22'X40'
2 Quick change

Quick change dressing rooms are located onstage.
Wardrobe room is 18'X29' with 2 washers, 2 dryers, and a double sink.

Acoustical Shell
The acoustical shell ceiling and wall pieces store in the scenery storage areas. When stored the shell takes up no space onstage. The shell is 70' wide by 45' high at the proscenium opening and 54' wide by 35' high at the back. The rear wall is set 42' back from the edge of the permanent stage. The shell carries a set of permanent concert lights and has extra mounting pipes and circuits for adding specials. The stage lighting system is used to supplement the orchestra front lighting carried on the shell. Double doors are provided in the upstage and downstage towers of both side walls. Time required to set or strike the shell is less than three hours.

104 single purchase counterweight sets with 80' long battens, each with 2000 pound capacity arbors and compensating cables on 6" centers. 200,000 pounds of lead counterweights are available. Two 2000 pound capacity electric winches with removable battens are located under the light bridge. The locking rail is duplicated at stage level and at the first fly gallery stage right. House curtain is manually operated from stage right. A steel framed fire curtain is designed to resist severe wind loads and may be left closed all winter if desired.

660 20-ampere circuits and 54 50-ampere circuits, totaling 714 dimmers. This is a dimmer per circuit system with an individual dimmer for each circuit. There is no patch panel. Identical control consoles are located onstage right and in the lighting control booth in the orchestra. Each console location also has complete control of 24 non-dims, houselights, 36 circuits of worklights, parking lot lights, security lighting, and site lighting. The light bridge is wired with permanent circuits.

All other overhead onstage circuits are terminated in portable drop boxes and can be attached to any batten, ladder, or boom onstage. Stage lighting positions in the auditorium include two catwalks over the apron, a far catwalk at the followspot position, a balcony rail, and box boom galleries left and right. On-stage lighting positions include 5 house borderlight pipes, 10 ladders, 10 booms, a footlight trough, three cyc pits, and the light bridge. The followspot booth is enclosed and air conditioned. Fans prevent condensation from accumulating on the outside of the followspot window.

86 10 degree ERS 1kW
36 15 degree ERS 1kW
134 25 degree ERS 1kW
12 6x16 ERS 1kW
124 6x12 ERS 1kW
20 6x9 ERS 1kW
12 6" Fresnel 750W
90 8" Fresnel 1.5kW
100 PAR64 1kW
6 2-lamp cyc lite 2x1kW
6 4-lamp cyc lite 4x1.5kW
7 12-lamp 4-ckt PAR38 strip
25 12-lamp 4-ckt PAR56 strip
12 12-lamp 3-ckt PAR56 strip
6 9-lamp 3-ckt EMD ground row
10 12-lamp 3-ckt PAR64 1kW strip
4 Xenon arc followspot 2kW
Music stands and stand lights

Accessories include complete cable, hardware, iron, booms, sidearms, ladders, hi-hats, barn doors, striplight glass, two sets of color frames, bumpers, etc.

Available auxiliary power
Company switches upstage right, 3 at 400 amperes 3-phase 4-wire each. (This totals 9 400 ampere legs). In each of the four stage corners is a 100 ampere 3-phase 4-wire switch. In each of the four stage corners is a 36kW power panel with pin connector, household, and 208 volt outlets for tools, effects, worklights, welders, smoke machines, winches, etc.

Sound Systems
Bi-amped JBL speaker clusters are installed for the center cluster, under-balcony, over-balcony, and for the lawn seating. Side stacks are available. House clusters are delayed digitally as appropriate. Input lines and sub-mixes are split to three consoles, one for onstage monitor speakers, one for the main house mix, and one for the lawn mix. Input lines are also split for TV and record production trucks at the stage door.

Portable equipment includes tape recorders, microphones, and stands. A hard-of-hearing system and translation system are available. The hall uses electronic acoustical enhancements. Complete monitor, paging, and communications systems are installed. The stage monitor mix location is downstage left and the house sound rack room is in the basement directly below the monitor mix location.

Closed Circuit Video
A closed circuit video system for production and security includes remote control balcony rail and onstage cameras for stage monitoring, a conductor camera, and distribution of stage lighting data displays to portable and permanent house video monitors. Patch bays are provided for over 100 house video circuits serving security cameras, security monitor stations, and production needs.

Soft Goods
Black velour pieces with no fullness available from the house include 8 borders, 16 legs, 2 travelers, and 2 split blackout drops. Other house goods include one each, black scrim, blue scrim, white scrim, muslin reflector drop, plastic cyclorama, and 2 hard black velour portal legs on travelers.

Loading doors
Two loading doors for semi-trailers are located in the upstage right corner of the upstage scenery storage room, each has a 4' high dock.

Stage Flooring
The stage floor is made of two inch thick solid edge grain fir planks supported on a grid of two inch thick resilient neoprene pads. The deflection of the floor under the weight of dancers is not limited. Dancers feel the floor to be very soft. Under heavier loads the floor deflection is limited by solid blocks, preventing damage to the floor from excess deflection. Traps are not provided but can be cut when needed. The resilient flooring extends onto the orchestra pit lift platform. Three cyclorama pits and ratholes for microphone cables are provided.

House Curtain
The house curtain is a weave of wool yarns that were hand spun and hand dyed with organic dyes in Swaziland. The curtain design is large plain vertical panels of muted colors.

Photo of electrical controls Photo of electrical controls

Electrical equipment is durable and modular for repair and replacement over a life expectancy of many decades. Shown here are controls for the orchestra pit lift, light bridge, fire curtain, orchestra shell ceiling, light ladders, worklights, parking lot lights, and miscellaneous other controls.

Photo of electrical boxes

Electrical boxes are color-coded by function. The boxes here are a data box and a Q-light box.

Photo of gridiron

The gridiron is efficient and safe. Large winches are located here for the traveling lighting ladders, the orchestra shell ceiling, the light bridge, and the fire curtain. The 104 single-purchase counterweight rigging sets are all identical.

The predictability of having all sets identical makes planning a load-in simpler. The 100-foot high grid can be accessed with normal stairs and with a motorized personnel lift.

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